How to treat gum disease

How to treat gum disease

Are your gums inflamed, sore, bleeding and irritated? Well you may have gum disease, otherwise known as Gingivitis during early stages, and Periodontitis in later stages.

What is gum disease?

Gum disease is the inflammation of the gum tissue, which can spread to the inner parts of the gums and teeth if it isn’t treated properly.


The early form of gum disease where only the surface area of the gum is infected. During this stage, the gum disease is easily irreversible by cleaning properly.

Symptoms include:

  • Bleeding gums (while brushing, flossing and eating)
  • Redness
  • Swollen gums
  • Irritated gums

Maintaining good dental hygiene should get rid of gingivitis, however, if it doesn’t, it’s important to visit the dentist.


If gingivitis is left untreated, it will eventually turn into periodontitis. Periodontitis is the advanced form when the periodontium becomes inflamed. The periodontium is the structures that surround and support teeth to keep them in place.

Periodontitis causes the periodontium, cementum (tooth root covering), bone and fibres that connect the tooth root to the jawbone.

Gum disease slowly causes damage to the gum seal around the tooth and when it breaks through, it causes spaces between the tooth root and gum. The spaces are known as periodontal pockets, where bacteria can become trapped, causing damage.

As periodontitis causes damage, it causes the bone to become damaged and lost, while also widens the periodontal pockets.

Symptoms include:

  • Bleeding gums
  • Receding gums (gum shrinks away)
  • Swollen and inflammation
  • Bad breath
  • Bad taste
  • Tenderness and sensitivity while chewing
  • Loose and moved teeth
  • Tooth loss

What causes gum disease?

Bad dental hygiene leads to gum disease, so it’s important to stay on top of your dental health. The buildup of plaque and bad bacteria on your teeth and gum tissue causes infection.

How to cure gum disease?

Depending on whether you have gingivitis or periodontitis, treatment will be different.

For gingivitis, you should brush your teeth twice a day with a soft-bristled toothbrush using fluoride toothpaste. You should also floss once and actively rinse your mouth out to flush away excess sugars, bacteria and food debris. It’s also recommended to visit the dentist for a check-up and clean.

However, with periodontitis, you will require dental treatment in the form of either non-surgical or surgical. Non-surgical options may include scaling, root planning or antibiotics, whereas surgical may include flap surgery, soft tissue grafts, bone grafting or guided tissue regeneration.

It’s also recommended to not smoke, avoid highly sugary products and eat the recommended amount of vegetables, fruits and other minerals and vitamins per day.

Can gum disease spread to other teeth?

Yes, gum disease can spread to other parts of the gum tissue. During the advanced stage, gum disease can spread through the periodontium that holds teeth in place.

This means it’s important to treat gum disease before it gets out of hand and impacts your entire mouth.

Contact Access Dental Care

If you are suffering from inflammation of the gum or any severe issues, please contact your dentist. It’s especially important to contact your dentist as soon as possible if you experience tooth movements or severe pain.

Please call the friendly team at Access Dental Care on (08) 9485 0600 or click here.

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